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Hazel Hempel Abel (July 10, 1888 – July 30, 1966) was an American politician and member of the United States Senate. She was born in Plattsmouth, Nebraska, and attended the public schools of Omaha, Nebraska.
She graduated from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in 1908, and became a high school mathematics teacher and principal in Papillion, Nebraska, Ashland, Nebraska, and Crete, Nebraska. In 1954, she was elected to be the Vice Chairman of the State Republican Central Committee.
In 1954, she was elected to complete the unexpired term of Dwight Griswold, who had died in office. She became the first woman elected from Nebraska to serve in the Senate, as well as the first woman to follow another woman in a Senate seat, as Eva Bowring had previously been appointed to the seat to serve until an election was held. She served from November 8, 1954, until her own resignation on December 31, 1954. In 1957 she was named American Mother of the Year. She also served as the President and founder of the Nebraska Federation of Republican Women.
She died in Lincoln, Nebraska, on July 30, 1966.