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Susan Polgar (born April 19, 1969, as Polgár Zsuzsanna and often known as Zsuzsa Polgár) is a Hungarian-born American chess player. She is a member of the Executive Board of the United States Chess Federation, having been elected on July 26, 2007. She is also a chess writer and promoter and the head of the Susan Polgar Institute for Chess Excellence at Texas Tech University.
On the July 1984 FIDE Rating List, at age 15, she was the top-ranked woman player in the world. She was the first woman to earn the title of Grandmaster in regular competition. She was the Women's World Chess Champion from 1996 to 1999. In October 2005 Polgar had an Elo rating of 2577, making her the second-ranked woman in the world at the time, after her sister Judit Polgár. She has been inactive and has not played in official competition since 2004.
She was born and brought up in Budapest, Hungary, and now lives in Lubbock, Texas, having recently moved from Forest Hills, New York, where she ran the Polgar Chess Center and the Susan Polgar Foundation, which gives chess training to children, especially girls.