Here are 5 facts about parainfluenza herpes simplex that you should know about. It involves the combination of symptoms caused by human parainfluenza and herpes simplex viruses that mostly affect children.
- The parainfluenza herpex simplex virus attacks the human cell’s defense system. Just like other kinds of viruses, the herpes virus needs a host cell with a weakened defense system in order to multiply and survive. The condition manifests flu-like symptoms along with signs of cold sores, upper airway infection resulting to ear infection, sore throat, and infection of the lower airways. Bronchiolitis and pneumonia are also common symptoms of the condition. The cold sore may typically manifest small blisters along the lip area, itching on the mouth and lips.
- The respiratory infection due to parainfluenza herpes simplex virus is common in children and babies. It is transmitted by direct contact with respiratory secretions from an infected individual while touching the eyes, nose, or mouth. Most children develop the condition below 5 years of age. Infected mothers can also transmit the infection to a newborn during vaginal delivery.
- The combination of parainfluenza and herpes simplex virus may result to encephalitis. The pathogenesis is poorly understood but the spread of infection causes hemorrhagic process on parts of the brain in an asymmetrical fashion. Brain infection occurs by the spread of the virus through the peripheral nerves that goes up to the brain among immune compromised persons.
- Parainfluenza herpes simplex requires different diagnostic procedures. This involves blood work, chest x-ray, nasal swab for respiratory infection, and histologic biopsy to determine the presence of the virus. The presence of antibodies may also support the positive diagnosis for parainfluenza herpes simplex virus.
- Treatment for parainfluenza herpes simplex virus is mainly supportive. The treatment is mainly prescribed to manage the symptoms. Antipyretic and analgesic medications can reduce pain and fever. For cold sores, lidocaine mouthwash and bicarbonate mouth rinse are good for oral care. Antivirals such as Acyclovir, Famciclovir, and Valacyclovir are medications that can manage outbreaks.