Brown Recluse Spider Bite Treatment

Getting immediate brown recluse spider bite treatment is the first step in reducing the serious consequences and symptoms that may arise. The brown recluse spider is one of 20,000 different species of spiders that live in North and South America. Only four, including the brown recluse, are dangerous to people.

Things you'll need:

  • Ice
  • Mild soap
  • Transportation to doctor or hospital the day of the bite
  1. Identify the symptoms. The bite of a brown recluse feels like a bee sting. Before seeking brown recluse spider bite treatment, victims may experience severe pain, itching and muscle aches in the bite area. In addition, brown recluse bite symptoms include vomiting, fever, nausea and blistering surrounding the bite. Symptoms of a brown recluse spider begin to occur within the first 96 hours after the bite.
  2. Lessen the pain. Seeking medical attention is the first step in brown recluse spider bite treatment, but victims may apply ice and elevate the area to reduce the pain. Wash the spider bite with mild soap and water.
  3. Seek medical attention. It is important to see a physician the same day as the bite occurs. If a physician is unavailable, victims should seek help in a hospital emergency room. When possible, bring the spider to the physician for identification.
  4. Perform medical evaluation. The physician will perform a medical evaluation on the victim to determine the condition. There are no tests that identify brown recluse venom. Physicians will conduct laboratory tests as the first step of treatment. Laboratory tests include a complete blood count, kidney function, urinalysis and electrolytes.
  5. Perform immediate medical treatment. The physician will provide immediate treatment for the bite, which includes a tetanus immunization, pain medication, antibiotics and antihistamines.
  6. Monitor the bite. The spider bite must be monitored for three to four days after the initial treatment. The physician will monitor for necrosis of the tissue surrounding the bite. Physicians may remove dead tissue as well.
  7. Hospitalization. In some cases, victims must be hospitalized for brown recluse spider bite treatment. Patients with systemic disease and those requiring surgical intervention for necrosis of the wound must be hospitalized in the event of a brown recluse spider bite. For those with severe necrosis, the surgeon will surgically remove the dead tissue and surrounding tissue once the necrosis has stopped. Patients also must undergo skin grafts once the surgeon removes the tissue.
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