Dysuria is the medical term for pain or burning when urinating, and there are several infections or diseases that could cause that burning or pain. In women urinary tract infections usually involve the urethra (bladder outlet) or the perineum (area around genitals). In men, urinary tract infections are not as common as in women and are usually caused by prostate problems or urethritis. If you have pain or burning when urinating, blood in your urine, fever, back pain, or a discharge, make an appointment with your doctor.
- Sexually transmitted diseases. One of the main symptoms of Chlamydia and gonorrhea in both men and women is burning when urinating. One of the secondary symptoms of genital herpes is also burning when urinating. STDs don’t always have physical symptoms in both men and women, but if left untreated they can cause serious problems such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility in women and sterility in men. Practicing safe sex is the only sure way to avoid STDs and their complications.
- Infections. Bladder infections (cystitis) happen when bacteria is present. If left untreated they often become kidney infections which are far more serious. In bladder infections there is painful urination and there may be blood in the urine. In kidney infections the infection from the bladder moves up into the kidneys and causes fever, back pain, fatigue, and even more painful urination. If left untreated it can cause serious complications. Urethritis can be caused by a virus or bacteria and causes frequent and painful urination. It can also result from STDs and risky sexual behavior.
- Kidney stones and bladder stones. Kidney stones form from salts and minerals. Some of these stones are small and pass into the bladder where they are flushed out. The symptoms of both kidney and bladder stones are numerous and include blood in the urine, frequent and painful urination, nausea and/or vomiting, depression, fever and chills, loss of appetite, and pain in the stomach, back or groin.
- Prostate problems. When the prostate becomes blocked, it causes prostatitis. This blockage can cause frequent and painful urination. The person may also suffer from back pain, and pain in the penis or scrotum, lower stomach or anus.
- Drugs. Certain drugs can cause burning or painful urination. In particular, certain cancer drugs may trigger symptoms in some patients.
- Allergic Reaction to Ingredients. Personal care products such as soaps or perfumes may cause irritation or allergic reactions. These allergic reactions can cause irritation to the bladder if these products travel up the urethra into the bladder. If they cause a urinary tract infection one of the main symptoms is burning or painful urination.