Hopefully, you aren't reading this list of common diseases because you have any of them. Whether you're afflicted or just want to increase your knowledge, knowing the symptoms of these common diseases can help you with prevention and a speedy recovery.
- Influenza: This is one disease you've definitely heard of. Influenza, or "the Flu," is the most common household disease that occurs year-round, with numerous causes. It can be deadly, but in most cases it is not. Influenza has been the cause of multiple epidemics worldwide, including the Spanish influenza outbreak in 1918, and the American outbreak recently. This disease attacks the respiratory tract, and causes sore throat, fever, headaches, fatigue, and body aches.
- Malaria: Bet you didn't know those pesky mosquitos that you thought nothing of could be the death of you! Malaria is most common in children, and kills around two million people annually. If you don't live in a tropical or subtropical climate, you shouldn't worry too much about this disease. The symptoms of Malaria are shaking and chills in the first stage, which turns into high fevers and severe headaches. The final stage includes a large drop in body tempature and heavy sweating.
- HIV/AIDS: Here's another disease you've most likely heard of. HIV/AIDS is transmitted through the exchange of bodily fluids with someone who is infected with the disease. Most commonly it's caused from sexual incounters and the sharing of hypodermic needles. There is no cure for this disease as of now, but research is ongoing. AIDS is a disease caused by HIV that attacks the immune system, and it can be fatal. It completely cripples the immune system and leaves the infected person defenseless to other diseases and illnesses.
- Strep Throat: Strep throat is caused by a bacteria called streptococcus. Symptoms of strep throat include sore throat, headache, fever and nausea. Millions of people each year are infected with strep throat. It is easily curable through antibiotic medicine, and rest.
Hepatitis B: This is the most common disease in the world. Nearly two billion people are infected. It is usually fatal, although a fairly small percentage overcome the disease. It entails the inflammation of the liver, and can cause jaundice, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Hepatitis B can lead to cancer of the liver, as well as liver cirrhosis.