Contraception For Women
With the vast amounts of options on the market for contraception, its important to know and understand each contraception for women option available. These options all have their pros and cons associated with each one, but having options is better then having nothing at all. Taking the time to discuss each option with a partner is the best way to make sure the one option chosen is the right one for the two of you.
The first contraception method for women is the pill. This is a very widely used, and commonly known method to preventing pregnancy in women. It is a contraception that requires the woman to take a pill every day of the month around the same time of the day. There are two different types, either COC or or POP. COC is a form of birth control pill that contains both estrogen and progestin, where as POP birth control pills contain only progestin. The pill is between 92 and 99 % effective at protecting against pregnancy. Another form of contraception available to women is a form of injectable progestin called Depo-Provera. This is a shot that is given by a health care professional once every three months. Depo-Provera is 99% effective at protecting against pregnancy in women who use it correctly.
Another method available to women is an IUD. This is a T shaped device that a health care professional will insert into the womans uterus. There are two types of IUD's on the market, one protecting against pregnancy for up to 10 years, and one that needs to be replaced each year to protect against pregnancy. An IUD is 99.2 to 99.9% effective at preventing pregnancy if used correctly. Another method available to women is the sponge. The sponge is a sponge like device that is inserted inside the womans vaginal canal and can be left inside for up to 12 hours. The time length allows women to insert it hours before intercourse, and not have to remove and reinsert another one before intercourse is enjoyed again as long as it is with in the 12 hour period. They work by by releasing a spermicidal gel along the vaginal mucus, and allowing the sponge to form a type of wall or barrier to the sperm before it reaches the uterus or cervix. The sponge is 89 to 92% effective in preventing against pregnancy when used correctly.
The next method available to women is the diaphragm. The diaphragm needs to be sized and prescribed by a health care professional, and is a dome shaped disc that covers the cervix. It captures the sperm, and can be worn for up to 6 hours. It does need to be worn with a combination of spermicide gel, and should never be worn for over 24 hours due to health risks. The diaphragm is 94% effective in preventing pregnancy if used properly. There is also a sterilization method for women called tubal litigation. this is the best choice when pregnancy will never be an option down the road. It is a surgical procedure that has the woman in the hospital for a few days, and on limited movement at home for a few weeks after. Tubal litigation, or sterilization, is 100% effective at preventing pregnancy, however.