It is important for your sexual health that you learn about contraceptive types. Contraception generally falls into three categories; barrier, hormonal, natural, and sterilization. Each form of contraception presents different risks and different benefits. It is important to educate yourself on the efficacy of each contraceptive type.
The barrier method is a contraceptive type that includes male and female condoms. If used correctly, condoms are a type of contraceptive that are 98 percent effective at preventing pregnancy and STDs. Condoms are an advantageous contraceptive type because they are easy to use and inexpensive. Condoms don't require a large commitment because they do not contain hormones. The only disadvantage to using condoms as a contraceptive type is is you are allergic to latex. It is also possible that you might not find sex as pleasurable with a condom.
Using hormones, such as birth control pills, is another type of contraception, but only for your partner since there is not a hormonal form of birth control for men. Hormonal contraception is effective at preventing pregnancy, but birth control does not protect you from STDs. Other hormonal contraceptive types include shots, rings, patches and inter-uterine implantation devices.
The last type of contraception is a permanent sterilization. If you are considering sterilization, the procedure for a man is called a vasectomy. The benefit of a vasectomy is that you won't have to rely on your partner for contraception, so if you are in a relationship, she won't have to take hormonal birth control. If neither of you has an STD, you won't have to wear a condom. The potential drawbacks of a vasectomy include the fact that it is permanent, somewhat painful and somewhat expensive. The procedure is an outpatient surgery which can cost anywhere from 350 to 1000 dollars.