If you are looking to define contraception, you can use this article as a guide. Contraception, also known as birth control, refers to the ways in which pregnancy or fertilization can be prevented at various stages. Common types of contraception include physical barrier methods, like a condom or a diaphragm. These barrier methods prevent sperm from entering the female reproductive tract during sexual intercourse. Hormonal methods, such as birth control pills, are also common types of contraception.
The male condom is the most common type of contraception. Condoms are sheaths made of latex or polyurethane that are placed over the penis. There is also a female type of condom, which is made out of polyurethane. It has two rings on each end, one of which attaches itself to the pubic bone, while the other remains outside the vagina during sexual intercourse.
Hormonal contraception can be delivered in numerous ways. The most common method is the combined oral contraceptive pill, the Patch and the contraceptive vaginal ring. In some countries, a contraceptive implant known as the Norplant is also available. It is no longer available in the United States, as it is known to cause bleeding during use.
A more dramatic, long term form of contraception is available in the form of sterilization. For men, this means getting a surgical vasectomy, or “getting snipped.” For women, it means tubal ligation, or “tying the tubes,” as it is referred to in common parlance.
Whatever form of contraception you decide to use, it should be a method that is agreed upon by both partners. Unexpected pregnancies commonly occur when this conversation fails to take place.