Do kidney stones interfere with sex? If your doctor says you have kidney stones, you may wonder about their effect on your sex life. Sexual activity will probably not affect your kidney stones. But if a stone causes severe pain, you will not enjoy sex.
What Are Kidney Stones? Kidney stones are hard mineral deposits that form inside your kidneys. They usually don’t have a single cause, but frequently involve out of balance urine components. Concentrated urine allows minerals to crystallize and clump together, forming stones. The most common types are calcium stones, struvite stones, uric acid stones and cystine stones.
Kidney stones can be very painful. The pain usually moves from your side or back to your lower abdomen and groin. The pain continues as the stone passes through your urinary tract and outside your body.
Men are more likely than women to get kidney stones. They are most common in adult men 40 and older. Obesity, dehydration, digestive diseases and personal history all contribute to the development of kidney stones. Diets high in protein, sodium and sugar are additional risk factors.
Signs and Symptoms You may not realize you have a kidney stone until it passes into the ureter, a tube from your kidney to your bladder. When this happens, you may experience the following symptoms:
- Severe back and side pain below the ribs
- Severe abdominal and groin pain
- Painful and urgent urination
- Red or brown urine
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fever and chills
If you think you have a kidney stone, make plans to visit your doctor. Kidney stones are diagnosed with a series of blood tests, urine tests, computer imaging tests and analyses of passed stones. Your doctor can easily treat small stones and prescribe medication for the pain. If the kidney stone is large, causing severe pain and kidney problems, your doctor will probably recommend a urologist.
Treatment Options You can usually pass small stones with simple treatments that include drinking lots of water to flush out your urinary system. Passing small stones can still be uncomfortable, so your doctor will probably recommend a mild over-the-counter pain reliever.
Large kidney stones require additional treatments, such as shockwaves or soundwaves to break up the stones. Your doctor may opt to use a ureteroscope to locate the stone and break it into small pieces that can pass in the urine. Sometimes surgery is necessary to remove large kidney stones or overactive parathyroid glands.
Kidney Stones And Sex Can kidney stones be passed through sex? Not likely. Most men who have kidney stones experience too much pain for sex. However, if a small fragment of stone has passed into the urethra below the prostate, it may be possible to pass the fragment during ejaculation. But kidney stones generally pass through the urine, so it’s rare to pass them during sex.
In fact, if a kidney stone is located above the urethra, there is no way sexual activity can dislodge it. None of the affected organs are involved during sex–the ureters, which connect the kidneys to the bladder, the urinary bladder and the urethra, which moves urine from the bladder to the penis.
Prevention Simple lifestyle changes can help prevent kidney stones from forming. The most important change is to increase water consumption. If you are prone to kidney stones, drinking more water throughout the day will help you pass more urine. Eat calcium-rich foods, but stay away from calcium supplements and oxalate-rich foods like beets, spinach, sweet potatoes, chocolate, tea and soy products. Reducing your salt and protein intake can also help with prevention.