Dwight D. Eisenhower Biography
The Dwight D. Eisenhower biography tells the story of a person who grew up in a humble environment whose parents instilled in him a determination to succeed. Eisenhower was the third of seven sons. Born in Denison, Texas in October of 1890, but raised in Dickerson, Kansas; Dwight D. Eisenhower grew up in a working class household that valued education. When Eisenhower graduated from high school in 1909, he worked to help his brother attend the University of Michigan. With advice from a friend, Eisenhower took the entrance exams for the military academy and in 1911, attended West Point in New York.
During his college years, Eisenhower played football and graduated at the top of his class in 1915. After college, Eisenhower earned the title of second lieutenant, then he was assigned a post at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio Texas. In 1916, he would marry Mamie Geneva Doud. Eisenhower and Mamie would have two sons, but the oldest son would die at three years of age due to scarlet fever.
At the beginning of Eisenhower’s army career he served as a lieutenant at military bases in Georgia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. Eisenhower trained World War I recruits in the military. In the summer of 1919, he volunteered as a Tank Corps observer for the War Department’s First Transcontinental Motor Convoy transferring trucks across the country which earned Eisenhower a service medal.
Dwight D. Eisenhower began to move up in the military, from 1922 to 1924. Eisenhower served as an executive officer in the Panama Canal Zone for General Conner who encouraged him to continue his military education. Eisenhower would take graduate courses at the Command and General Staff school in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He graduated in 1926 then completed two more years of schooling at the Army War College. Eisenhower would travel to France and write a guidebook about World War I battlefields.
Under direction of General Douglas MacArthur, Chief of Staff, in 1933, Dwight D. Eisenhower became a military aide where he wrote speeches, reports and policy papers. He accompanied MacArthur to the Phillipines where he trained army serviceman. Eisenhower earned the Distinguished Service Star of the Philippines. Eisenhower became a full colonel and the chief of staff of the Third Army in 1941 during World War II when Germany invaded Poland.
Eisenhower would use his skills as a teacher, trainer, and strategist to build cooperation among Allies in Europe. As a Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Forces, Eisenhower prepared for an invasion of Europe for the War Department. Known as Operation Torch, Eisenhower lead his troops to invade a French territory of northern Africa in 1942. Then in 1944 his troops invaded Italy. Eisenhower next invasion, D-Day, is where he planned an attack on land, sea and air, known as Operation Overload, in Europe, in 1943. The attack lead to France defeat and by 1945 Germany surrendered. At the end of World War II, Eisenhower was a five-star general. Eisenhower became respected by United States Allies and a hero to the American people.
After the war in 1945, Dwight D. Eisenhower served as the President of Columbia University for five years. Eisenhower would run for president in 1952 and become the 34th President of the United States. He served two terms. During Dwight D. Eisenhower first term in office, he helped end the Korean War and tackled issues trying to end communism during the Cold War. For Eisenhower’s second term as president, he fought domestic issues. He integrated the U.S. military, sent troops to Arkansas to desegregate Central High School, and appointed Governor Earl Warren as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who brought forward the Brown versus Board of Education. In 1959, and he annexed Alaska and Hawaii, making them the 49th and 50th states. He retired to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in 1959 and continued to be a public servant offering counsel to President John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Dwight D. Eisenhower would die ten years later at Walter Reed Army Hospital on March 28, 1969.