Our vision allow us to see and use one of the most important senses we have, but eye problems can occur. Since we use our eyes every day, they can have problems with age and usually wear and tear. This article will help you learn the different kinds of eye problems you might have and what to do about it. However, it is always best to consult with your eye doctor since this is only a guide.
- Refractive Errors One of the most frequent kinds of eye problems is refractive errors, which include hyperopia (farsightedness), myopia (near-sightedness), and hyperopia (farsightedness). There is also astigmatism (unclear vision at any distance) and presbyopia (not being able to focus on a book or up close). These eye problems can all be remedied with proper eyewear such as contacts, eyeglasses or eye surgery.
- Color Blindness Individuals who have color blindness can actually see more colors than just black and white. However, they have trouble seeing the difference between certain colors. Color blindness is usually inherited and is carried by the X chromosome, so it is more common in men than in women.
- Macular Degeneration This eye problem is related to aging and the outcome is injured central and sharp vision. We use central vision in order to see things clearly to doing common tasks such as driving and reading. The macula is the part of the eye affected and it is that part that allows us to see fine details.
- Cataract The principal reason for blindness in the United States and of vision loss worldwide is a cataract. This eye problem causes the lens to lose its transparency and turn cloudy and yellowish—this can happen at any age. There is treatment available to usually correct this problem.
- Diabetic retinopathy (DR) This condition is a frequent problem for people who have diabetes. It is distinguished by the blood vessels of the retina being damaged progressively, which is the tissue at the back of the eye that is sensitive to light needed for good vision. The threat of DR is lessened when diabetics are able to keep their blood sugar under control.
- Glaucoma This group of illnesses can injure the optic nerve of the eye where blindness and vision loss can occur. Glaucoma happens when the eye pressure in the eye rises above normal. A glaucoma test should be done every few years. If diagnosed, early treatment can save your vision.
- Pink Eye This eye problem (also known conjunctivitis) is an irritation of the conjunctiva, a mucus membrane that is clear and is an inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a clear mucus membrane that covers the inside of the eyelid and the white part of the eye.
- Eyestrain When an individual uses their eyes for an extended amount of time, they might have eyestrain. The symptoms are tired, itchy, sore or burning eyes, dry or watery eyes, double or blurred vision, and/or increased sensitivity to light. This condition is not usually serious and usually goes away once you rest your eyes, although it could be a symptom of an underlying problem.
- Dry Eyes When your tears are not capable of providing enough moisture for your eyes, you have dry eyes. When you have this condition, your eyes are uncomfortable and may burn or sting. Both over the counter and prescription eye drops are available to provide tears for your eyes.
- Blepharospasm This eye problem is also known as eye twitching, which is actually involuntary spasms of the eyelid muscles. In fact, sometimes the eyelid may close repeatedly or even close then reopen. Fatigue, caffeine and stress are the most common reasons that your eyes might twitch. It can be very annoying, but it will usually stop when you sleep. Botox has been used to treat this eye twitching problem.