For those who are about to try fly fishing for the first time there as several fly fishing facts that need to be considered. Unlike live bait or lure fishing, fly fishing takes some skill and knowledge. Below are three tips on how to become a successful fly fisherman.
- Be educated on the different types of flies. There are several types of flies that are used for fly fishing; however, each is broken down into five categories: dry flies, wet flies, nymphs, buck tails and streamers. Dry flies imitate an insect that is floating on top of the water. When using dry flies, it is important not to jerk or manipulate the fly in any way that would seem unnatural. Otherwise, the fish may view it as just another object floating down the stream. Wet flies are the oldest form of fly and they imitate flies that are sinking from the water's surface. A nymph is the stage between the egg and its adult life cycle of an insect. Nymphs usually float just below the surface of the water, while buck tails and streamers are much larger and imitate larger bait fish. The main difference between the two is that steamers are tied with feathers, while buck tails are bound with hair.
- Understand where the trout lie. When fly fishing for trout, one important fact to remember is to recognize where the trout lie. When trout position themselves, they take three factors into consideration; shelter against the current, protection from predators, and an easily accessible feeding place. Since constantly swimming against a strong current can tire fish quite rapidly, some of the best places to find trout are in eddies, behind rocks, and under embankments, rocks, or logs. Trout also prefer deeper water where they are hidden from predators such as birds, kingfishers, or raccoons. Lastly, they like to be near a place that provides constant food, such as a steady current, an adjoining river or stream, or under trees or brush, where insects are likely to fall from.
- Understand the equipment. Fly rods have three basic functions: casting, line control, and landing fish. For many, the first function is the most difficult. This is a technique that needs to be practiced constantly before it can be perfected. Once perfected, the angler will be able to cast with accuracy and power. However, when casting, it is important to land the fly as gently as possible in order to keep from spooking the fish. Once the fly is on the water, a fly rod allows the angler to have control over the line, avoiding any obstacles such as falling trees or rocks. Lastly, the fly rod is used for both setting the hook and landing the fish.