If you have been diagnosed with gastroparesis, then it is important that you follow a gastroparesis diet to reduce your symptoms. Gastroparesis, otherwise known as delayed stomach emptying, is a condition whereby the contents of your stomach empty more slowly than normal. Symptoms of gastroparesis include nausea, vomiting, bloating, early food satiety, fullness, lack of appetite, upper abdominal pain, heartburn and fluctuating blood glucose levels. Although the exact cause of gastroparesis is unknown, certain medications, diabetes and some surgeries are thought to play a role in its development. Changing your eating habits by following a gastroparesis diet can help alleviate some of your symptoms. Instead of eating three large meals a day, your doctor may advise you to eat six small meals a day. Eating less food per meal will help you to feel less full and bloated, which is one of the goals of the gastroparesis diet.
Avoiding high fat foods is another feature of the gastroparesis diet. Fat takes more time to digest. Because people who have gastroparesis digest foods slowly as a matter of course, they should avoid foods containing a lot of fat, which would aggravate their condition.
Limiting foods high is fiber if often recommended in a gastroparesis diet. Fiber can be more challenging to digest, especially for people who have delayed stomach emptying. Speak with your doctor or dietician as to which foods to avoid. Brocolli and oranges usually cannot be tolerated on a gastroparesis diet.
Consuming a pureed or liquid nutrition is sometimes recommend as a gastroparesis diet for people who have severe cases of the disease. If you have lost too much weight due to gastroparesis, you doctor may decide that this is the right treatment plan.