The history of airplanes is long-established. Many centuries ago, the idea of airplanes was already in place, with some very early attempts at such a feat. While it was not that long ago (relatively speaking) that the Wright brothers completed the first successful airplane, the history of airplanes is indeed rich and diverse. Here are some basics regarding the history of airplanes.
Very early conceptions and designs. You could go as far back as 400 BC in regards to the history of airplanes. Archytas designed a self-propelled flying device that reportedly went 200 m. In the 12th and 17th centuries, a couple of experiments with gliders did not end well (injuries). Additionally, Leonardo da Vinci designed a man-powered aircraft in “Codex on the Flight of the Birds.” The separation of the concepts of lift and drag were established in 1799 by Sir George Cayley, appropriately known as the founder of the science of aerodynamics.
First modern-day airplane. In 1903, the famous Wright brothers flew in the first successful flight. Later, two years following this date, the Wright brothers had an airplane that was suitable for fixed purposes. However, prior to this, there were reports (1901) that Gustave Whitehead flew his “Number 21” engine-powered aeroplane for half a mile.
Mainstream integration. Aircraft technology continued to develop. World War I marked airplanes as a weapon, where fighter aircrafts were able to be effective. In 1919, Alcock and Brown for the first time crossed the Atlantic non-stop. Later, Charles Lindbergh would do it solo. 1919 marked the first commercial flights. The jet engine was introduced in the 1930’s and 1940’s. The first commercial jet, the De Havilland Comet, was introduced in 1952. Later in 1958, the Boeing 707 became the most succesful commercial jet, which began a run of around 50 years with that status.