History Of Field Hockey
Read up on the history of field hockey so as to better understand your favorite sport! Field hockey is a non-contact sport that focuses on two teams attempting to maneuver a ball into the one another's goal. Designated simply as "hockey" by many, field hockey must also be distinguished from ice hockey, street hockey, and even box hockey.
Hockey can be dated back, reliably, to 1272 B.C. The history of field hockey began with ambiguous origins, as using a stick to move a ball into an opponent's goal is quite simplistic in nature and can be duplicated easily. Nonetheless, the Irish game called "hurling" is identified as being the ancestor to field hockey. Hurling itself is thought to have came to Ireland through the Celts.
The Middle Ages featured hockey being played throughout Europe. By the time the Middle Ages rolled around, proto-hockey games were at play all around Europe. In Scotland a game called "shanty" was quite popular while of course the Irish still preferred "hurling" to anything.
Hockey began to be formalized with many other sports. In particular, association soccer (known to most outside of the U.S. as "football") was on the rise and soon to be a formal sport in Europe. English public schools, in general, were beginning to promote team sports from within; hockey was one of those sports.
The Teddington Hockey Club was the first (recognized) field hockey club. In 1871, the Teddington Club, which drew inspiration from cricket and other sports, formalized a code of rules for field hockey. A few years later, the first inter-collegiate club, the Hockey Association, was founded in 1886.
In 1895, the first international competition was held. The first international game of field hockey on record is that which took place between Ireland and Wales in 1895. Ireland won 3-0. The game continued to grow and gain publicity.
As an Olympic Game, field hockey first appeared in 1908. The 1908 Olympic Games were the first to recognize field hockey as a sport able to be played in their competitions. Men's field hockey, however, didn't become a permanent addition to the meetings until the 1928 Olympic Games.
The history of field hockey is both rich and interesting. The inter-relatedness of most popular sports today is incredible, as they all employ similar techniques, ideas, and goals into their game. The history of field hockey, especially, has deep roots that tie in with the history of mankind as well. Now that you've read up on the books, it's time to grab a stick and get going. Field hockey doesn't play itself after all!