Learning how to apply boat hull paint is an important skill for performing proper maintenance on a boat. The hull of a boat spends almost all of its time in the water and becomes susceptible to corrosion, parasite decomposition and other harsh elements. Cleaning and repainting the boat hull is a necessary maintenance task in order for your boat to give years of use and enjoyment. The following is a basic breakdown of how to apply boat hull paint. Remember to use gloves when prepping and painting to protect your hands and avoid any allergic reactions. When priming and painting, use a well-ventilated area. The fumes from paint and primer products are toxic.
To apply boat hull paint, you will need:
- Commercial grade solvent
- Filler primer
- Oil-based marine paint
- A paint roller
- A rotating power sander
- Epoxy glue
- A sponge
- A paint brush
- Prepare the hull of the boat. Preparation of the boat hull is the most important step. Paint will stick better to the surface if it is not slick with wax and the paint is not chipped or peeling underneath. Dip the sponge into the commercial grade solvent and apply to the boat hull. This solvent will loosen and help remove old wax and loose paint from the hull.
- Sand the boat hull. Use a rotating power sander and 120 grit sandpaper to sand off all the wax on the boat hull and any loose or rough paint spots. Make sure to thoroughly sand the remaining wax and paint from the boat hull. If the boat hull is in bad condition, it may be necessary to remove all paint and sand down to the bare wood. If the condition of the paint and boat hull is not too bad, then removal of the previous wax is all that is necessary. Painting on an improperly prepared boat hull results in discoloration and possibly removal of the new paint.
- Repair the boat hull. Perform any necessary repairs to the boat hull before painting. Using a good epoxy glue, fill in any holes or abrasions on the boat hull. Smooth the epoxy along the hull to avoid creating any epoxy lumps. Epoxy lumps will make it more difficult to paint.
- Prime the boat hull. Using a roller, apply the filler primer to the boat hull in smooth, even coats. Allow the first coat of primer to dry and then sand down with a fine grit sandpaper. This removes any dust particles and rough spots that will cause problems with the following coats of primer and paint. After sanding, apply another layer of primer. This will create a solid foundation for applying boat hull paint.
- Paint the boat hull. Using a roller and marine paint, apply two or three coats of paint to the hull of the boat. Sand lightly between coats the same as you did for the primer. Once the desired number of paint coats has been applied, allow the paint to dry for several hours.