Maybe you have a family history of heart disease and are wondering, "How can exercise lower chances for a heart attack?" The growing prevalence of heart attack is widely attributed to physical inactivity. Heart related conditions such as coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, and ischemia involves the deposit of fats in the arterial lining where the blood supply to the heart flows. These fatty deposits are usually made of cholesterol and it further increases the risk to high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, bad cholesterol and high triglycerides level. The pathophysiological consequences for this would be the narrowing of the lining of the cardiac arteries because of the fatty deposits and it deprives the heart of blood supply and oxygen. In order to prevent the risk to heart attack, one needs to exercise.
- Moderate to vigorous physical activity can control weight. The heart takes on an increased load in obese individuals. Exercise can help prevent excessive weight gain that could increase the chances for fatal heart attacks and the development of other conditions attributed to obesity such as diabetes and stroke. To maintain a healthy weight, one needs to exercise at least 30 minutes a day.
- Exercise, specifically resistance exercise help improve cardiovascular endurance. A healthy heart is able to manage carrying out strenuous activities without working twice as hard compared to a heart with poor energy compliance. The risk for heart attack is greater when the heart could not withstand the stress imposed to it by carrying out physical activities. People with good cardiovascular endurance are less likely to pant when performing activities that require higher energy levels.
- More fats are burned with exercise. Excessive fatty deposits along the arterial walls of the heart could block the passage of blood. The condition may result to atherosclerosis or plaques that cause the arterial walls to harden. The negative consequence of this condition is heart attack. With exercise, the body is forced to convert fats into energy thereby reducing the excess baggage of fat storage in the body and in the heart.
- Stress is an inducer of heart attack. Exercising promotes the body’s general well being thereby reducing stress. Exercise helps release negative emotions that can potentially induce a heart attack.
- Exercise reduces the triglyceride level, regulate high blood pressure, and promote general fitness. High triglyceride level and high blood pressure are risk factors to heart attack. With exercise, their levels are controlled to prevent sudden shoot up that could stimulate cardiac arrest. With controlled risk factors, the chance for a heart attack is reduced.