How To Do CPR
It is important to know how to do CPR, otherwise known as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, because time is of the essence when the heart stops. If the heart stops, brain damage can occur within four to five minutes. CPR is the best way to provide oxygen to the brain and vital organs until help arrives.
To do CPR, you will need:
- Check the responsiveness of the victim. Listen to the breathing, and check the pulse. If the person is breathing irregularly, not breathing, has a high pulse, a low pulse or no pulse, you will need to perform CPR.
- Call 911. Use the phone to call 911 immediately. An emergency dispatcher will give instructions, and an ambulance will be sent to the residence. Stay by the victim.
- Begin compressing the chest. Push down in the center of the chest to mimic the heartbeat. Firmly push two inches down for thirty times. Pump at least 100 per minute.
- Give air to the victim. Tilt the head back, lift the chin and pinch the nose. Cover the mouth of the victim with your mouth. Blow a one second breath into the mouth two times.
- Perform CPR until help arrives. Give 30 pumps to the chest, and blow two times into the mouth until help arrives.
Vomiting is the most common complication of CPR. Tilt the head of the victim to the side if he starts to vomit. Wipe away the vomit, and continue with CPR. People who learned how to do CPR are usually nervous the first time. It is best to relax and stay calm for the victim.