If you always wanted to learn how to do figure skate jumps like an Olympic skater, this article can get you started. These are the basic seven figure skate jumps. As skaters progresses, you can start to attempt the same jumps but in double rotation, maybe even triples rotation! Learning how to do figure skate jumps takes time, patience and many hours of practice.
- Learning the waltz jump. The waltz jump is the first jump a person learns when learning figure skating jumps. The take off is done from a forward outside edge. A half of a turn is made while the skater is airborne. The skater lands this figure skating jump on the other skates back outside edge. This is the easiest figure skating jump to master.
- Learning the salchow jump. A salchow jump is a figure skating jump that gets its name from its originator Ulrich Salchow .This figure skating jump has the skater stop temporarily with the free foot completely in the back of then , then swings the free leg forward and around with a wide scooping motion. Then, the skater jumps in the air and lands backwards on the foot and leg that did the scooping motion.
- Learning the toe jump. This figure skating jump is executed by completing a three turn, by taking off , using the to pick of the blade as an assist, leaping one revolution in the air, and landing on the same back outside edge of the blade. The skater will land on the skate that did not use the toe pick. This jump is a jump that usually is the second jump in many jump combinations or sequences.
- Learning the loop jump. The loop jump is considered an edge jump in figure skating jumps. The ice skater jumps from a back outside edge for one turn and lands backward on the same back outside edging that they started with. Many times skaters do this jump from a circle Technically, you jump forward in a loop jump, but it is considered a backward edge jump.
- Learning the Flip jump A flip jump is a figure skate jump that includes a toe pick launch off a back inside edge and lands on the back outside edge. It is usually entered from a forward glide on the left foot. Just prior to the jump, the free leg will go down and tap the ice and push the skater around in a full rotation. The right foot goes directly behind the skater, picks the ice and “pulls” the skater up into the air. The skater needs to reach back as tap in as far as they can with their toe pick to be able to get a jump technique accurate.
Learning the Lutz jump. A lutz jump is similar to the flip , but the takeoff is from a back outside edge rather than a back inside edge. The lutz jump must be taken off from the back outside edge and is considered a counter-rotated jump. The jump also requires the skater to lunge back and reach into the ice with the toe tick to launch up into the air. It is very difficult to stay on a back outside edge as the skater takes off; if the skater does allow the blade of the take off edge to roll over to an inside edge, the jump does not receive full credit.
- Learning the Axel jump. The axel is the most difficult figure skate jump. The takeoff of an axel jump is on a forward outside edge. You use your opposite leg to pull you into the air and you use your arms as well. But it is very important that as you are bringing your opposite leg straight through, not around. After jumping forward the skater turns one and one-half revolutions in the air and lands on the other foot on a backwards outside edge. Height is very important for this jump because of the extra half rotation. It takes time to master an axel jump. It may take years for some skaters to master an axel rotations in the air.