How does hull shape affect the speed of a boat? When trying to get the most speed out of your boat, you may want to consider how the hull shape affects the speed of the boat. "Hydrodynamic" is a term that is used when determining the motion or flow of water. It is similar to the more familiar term "aerodynamic," which relates to the flow of air. The speed of a boat is correlated to its hydrodynamic efficiency, and the hydrodynamic efficiency is determined by the shape of the hull of the boat.
The hull of the boat is the first area to be hit by water as you speed forward. A round or square hull will connect with the water like a force that is pushing against it. As the force of the water hits the boat hull straight on, the boat must push the water out of the way before it can attain optimal speed. This limitation of the boat's ability to get to a higher speed quickly is known as drag, and is affected by the hull shape.
A boat hull shape that is pointed allows the water to flow around the boat quickly. The less water that the hull needs to move out of the way, the faster the boat will go. How hull shape affects the speed of a boat is one factor that the military had taken into consideration when they started to build the V-shape hull design. This shape offers the most hydrodynamic efficiency, which gives the military a boat that can cut across water with little drag and perform well at high speeds.