If you need surgery for benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), you may be wondering how the prostate surgery procedure works. BPH is a condition in which the prostate becomes enlarged, causing difficulty with urination. Excess tissue, which may or may not be cancerous, blocks the urethra. The prostate surgery procedure, called transurethral resection of prostate (TURP), can relieve the symptoms of BPH. If your doctor recommends the prostate surgery procedure, here's what you can expect.
- Prostate surgery is usually an inpatient procedure. First, you will be given anesthesia, either general, epidural, or spinal. This numbs the area before the surgeon begins the procedure.
- Once the area is numb, the surgeon inserts a scope into the urethra. This allows him or her to see the excess prostate tissue. Then, the surgeon scoops out this tissue with an instrument called a resectoscope.
- After the tissue blocking the urethra is removed, the surgeon inserts a catheter. This allows the penis to heal during recovery. The tissue that was removed is taken to a lab and tested for any signs of prostate cancer.
- You will be discharged from the hospital a few days after the prostate surgery procedure. You may experience blood in the urine and/or pain while urinating as you continue to recover. Both are normal side effects of the prostate surgery procedure.
If you have BPH, talk to your doctor to find out if the prostate surgery procedure is right for you. Surgery is usually recommended if more conservative therapies, such as oral medications, do not relieve symptoms.