With past changes in government regulations, many people want to know how to grow medical marijuana. Growing marijuana for any purpose is illegal in most areas, so those interested in growing medical marijuana should check their local laws. In the United States it is legal to grow in certain areas for medical purposes if a specific permit is obtained. This article is for informational purposes only.
To grow medical marijuana, you will need:
- A permit to legally grow medical marijuana (some areas allow patients to grow enough for their personal use if they have a prescription for it)
- Marijuana seeds (different types of seeds are used to treat different conditions. A doctor should be consulted on what type of medical marijuana is needed to treat a specific condition)
- Potting mix
- Growing containers
- Artificial light
- A magnifying glass
- A form of pest control
- A clothesline
- Brown paper bags
- If you wish, germinate your seeds. You do not have to do this, but doing so will help more of your seeds produce seedlings. You can do this by taking a wet paper towel and folding it over the seeds or placing the seeds in a cup with warm water. Allow the seeds three to seven days to germinate in a dark place. When you see a white root sprouting from the seed, germination is complete and you can now plant the seed.
- Plant seeds in potting mix in a small pot. To do this, water the soil well and then make a half-inch hole. Place your seed in the hole with the root facing down and then cover the seeds. Allow two weeks for growth. Provide the plant with light each day, and keep the soil moist. A good temperature is around 70 degrees.
- Prepare the fertilizer according to the directions for the fertilizer you selected. Mix the fertilizer with the soil carefully, because too much will shock the young plant. Place this mix in pots.
- Transfer your seedlings. Be careful with the newly developed roots, as they are fragile. Place each seedling in its own pot by making a small hole as you did earlier.
- Allow the plants to grow. The plants will need a lot of sunlight. Marijuana plants need at least three hours of light a day but will grow better under full 24-hour light. Make sure too keep the soil moist, but do not over-water.
- Once the plants reach a good growth size, you may induce flowering. This is done by limiting the light allowed to at least twelve hours a day. During the time of no light the plant must be kept in complete darkness. You may help this process by adding a fertilizer with low nitrogen but high in phosphorous.
- Sex your plants and remove the males. Male plants do not bud and therefore will not produce anything of value to you for medical purposes. A male plant will have pollen sacks forming around where the main stem is, while a female plant will have what looks like white hairs. Use a magnifying glass to help you see these better.
- After four to eight months you will be able to harvest your plant. You will know when the plant is ready to harvest because the white hairs will turn red. Again, use the magnifying glass to help determine this. Cut the plant at the main stem right above the soil line. Hang the stems upside down from a clothes line for about two days.
- Remove the leaves after two days. Allow the stems two more days to dry and then place them in a brown paper bag for about a month. After a month your medical marijuana will be fully dry and you can then remove it from the stem.
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