How To Land A Cessna Airplane
People thinking about learning to fly may wonder how to land a Cessna airplane. Cessna Airplanes are very common and are used by most flight schools. The airplane is very forgiving but the flight instructor will monitor how well a pilot sticks to given factory settings to produce a smooth landing.
- Normal landings in a Cessna can be made either with power on or power off conditions. In training, the instructor may pull the power to idle to simulate an engine out landing.
- Flaps are set to any setting within flap airspeed limits. Flap airspeed limits for a Cessna airplane are shown on the airspeed indicator. Using the flaps above this air speed limit can damage the plane.
- Approach speeds are determined by prevailing conditions. The major factors affecting approach speed are surface wind speed and turbulence. Airport towers indicate the air speed and direction with automated recordings broadcast on the radio. Windsocks are also present on the field to aid in direction.
- Certain crosswinds may require a slip. When putting the plane into a steep slip, flaps set at greater than twenty degrees may cause the elevator to oscillate.
- Slower air speeds at landing result in shorter landing distances. This minimizes brake and tire wear.
- Power must be at idle when the main wheels touch the ground. Check that the throttle is at idle.
- The nosewheel should be held off of the ground for as long as possible. This bleeds off speed and results in a much lighter load on the nosewheel gear and smoother landing.