How To Make A Fuel Cell Car
If you want to know how to make a fuel cell car, this article will be of great assistance. A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts fuels such as hydrogen into electricity, while the by-product released is just harmless water.
To make a fuel cell car, you will need:
- A fuel source, such as alcohol or, more preferably, hydrogen
- A gas storage tank to store hydrogen for the fuel cell car
- A fuel cell to generate electricity
- An electric motor to direct the electricity to be used by the car
- To generate electricity from hydrogen, you first need to separate the hydrogen molecules from water. The process of electrolysis can do this. Here the two electrodes (cathode and anode) are placed in water while hydrogen draws to the electrode, whereby it is stored to be used by the fuel cell car.
- The next step in making a fuel cell car is to fill the car with hydrogen in a hydrogen gas storage tank placed in the rear of the car. The hydrogen in the tank then enters the fuel cell device whereby it is converted to pure electricity by the help of an oxidant and an electrolyte. Commonly, a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) is used for this purpose by the car. These are also called proton exchange membrane fuel cells, and the amount of electricity that will be generated depends on the size and number of fuel cells that are present in the stack of the PEM.
- A motor needs to be installed in the car. This motor is usually fitted near the vehicle's wheels and uses the electricity to run the fuel cell car. An alternative to this motor is chargeable batteries specifically designed for a fuel cell car.
Fuel cell cars have received much appreciation due to being environmentally friendly in a world where global warming has raised many eyebrows.