Learning to prevent and treat calf muscle running injuries is important if you are an avid runner or jogger. Often, you can easily prevent and treat calf muscle injuries at home. However, in severe cases these running injuries require medical treatment. The lower leg is the area affected by these injuries, usually resulting in a dull ache. In more severe cases, a sharp, intense pain is experienced; which require medical treatment.
You can learn how to prevent and treat calf muscle running injuries by fully understanding what causes the injury. The greatest cause of calf muscle running injuries is the result of an inadequate warm up prior to exercise. Excessive workouts, dehydration, mineral deficiencies, and pronation can also lead to a calf injury. Avoiding these risk factors in the only way to prevent calf muscle running injuries.
- Avoiding the risk factors known to cause calf muscle injuries is the only prevention. Adequate stretching of the calf and leg muscles is vital prior to exercising, climbing steep hills, or any other form of strenuous activity. Adequate water intake is important for preventing dehydration, which can lead to a calf injury. Make sure you receive proper calcium, magnesium, and trace minerals as well to prevent mineral deficiencies.
- You can treat calf muscle running injuries at home if the injury is not severe. Even in mild cases it can take four to six weeks for the injury to fully heal. An ice pack must be kept on the area to reduce pain and swelling. An over the counter pain medicine can be taken for pain and swelling. To treat calf muscle running injuries you will also need to limit activity to the area for at least five days. Avoid placing pressure on the injury as well. Massaging the injured muscle lightly will assist in the healing process.
While it is most often safe to prevent and treat calf muscle running injuries at home, there are injuries that require further treatment for proper healing. If pain and swelling is severe and does not subside, there is a possibility of a completely ruptured calf muscle. A ruptured calf muscle requires medical treatment. If you experience severe pain and swelling consult a physician for proper diagnosis.