Serious skateboard enthusiasts should understand how skateboard trucks are made to allow themselves optimal control. Skateboard trucks connect the wheels to the actual board, known as the deck. This allows skaters to turn. Skateboard truck designs have not changed greatly over the years, hailing back to their first use on roller skate base plates in the early twentieth century. Understanding how skateboard trucks are made gives skaters the knowledge needed to adjust their skateboards for optimal control and turning.
- Most skateboard trucks are made of metal. Though some skateboard trucks are made of plastic, these cheaper versions are low quality products which are not designed for serious skaters. Metal trucks are strong and durable under considerable weight and in the performance of moves which would stress plastic components to their breaking point.
- Skateboard trucks are made following a simple design. Trucks consist of a base plate, axle and pivot point. The base plate attaches to the board while the axle pivots on two bushings at the point of connection. Skateboard trucks are made in this manner to allow turning while riding the board.
- The kingpin is the nut holding the skateboard truck components together. Adjusting this nut changes the turning ability of the skateboard. Tightening or loosening the kingpin compresses the bushings, thus changing the movement of the board. Skateboard trucks are made this way to allow skaters to loosen the kingpin for easier turning or tighten it for more stability.
- Skateboard trucks are made to be changed so that each board suits its rider. Skaters regularly change the tightness of the kingpin to optimize their board. This allows them to address individual preferences and style.