How STDs Are Transmitted

Many people wonder exactly how STDs are transmitted. Sexually transmitted diseases, commonly known as STDs or STIs (sexually transmitted infections), are a type of infectious disease that is spread through intimate contact. STDs can be easily spread by those who are unknowledgeable about the infection. If left untreated, STDs can cause permanent infertility problems and even death in cases more serious, such as HIV or AIDS.

Sex Many people think that STDs can only be transmitted through sexual intercourse. This way of thinking is false as STDs such as genital warts and herpes can be spread from skin to skin contact with the infected area.

Oral/Anal Another common misconception about the transmission of STDs is that it cannot be spread through oral or anal sex. This is also false as the virus can enter the body through small cuts, genitals, anus and mouth.

Knowlege Lack of knowing that you have the disease is another issue that many teens and adults face. These people may be at risk of passing the infection to their partner without realizing it. Many STDs do not have visible symptoms or signs that appear for the first few years of the infection.

Risk Some people are more at risk of catching an STD than others. The younger a person begins having sexual intercourse, the chances of him or her catching an STD becomes greater. Those who have many intimate partners (not including just intercourse) are at more at risk than those who stay single or with one partner.

Unprotected sex is the biggest factor indicating your chances of catching and spreading sexual transmitted diseases. Latex condoms are the only type of birth control that drastically lowers your chances of getting an STD. 

Sources:

Sexual Health
Health
NIH

 

 

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