How is a surface piercing done? A surface piercing is essentially a piercing that goes in one flat area of the skin and out the other side. For example, on the nape of the neck, a barbell is inserted horizontally or vertically through the skin. Other common places include the stomach, wrist and chest
This type of piercing can be done by several different techniques; one of the more popular is called punch and taper. This procedure is done by using a needle the same width as the surface bar that will be used. The needle is inserted under the skin and out through the other side, at which time the barbell is inserted. Experts say this method improves the chances of the surface piercing healing and lessens chances of migration, which when is the piercing itself begins ,to move. This can be caused by several factors such as infection, an impact against the area or motion, and it depends on the site you have pierced.
Another surface piercing technique is done the same way as the punch and taper; however, instead of a steel barbell, Teflon or tygon tubing is inserted. This is said to be more flexible and moves with the body, which is especially important if the piercing is in an area that moves a lot like the wrist or the nape of the neck
Any technique used must be properly cared for afterwards to avoid infection or migration. A surface piercing will take longer to heal than the more traditional piercing, because of the fact that more of the skin's surface is involved. Be vigilant in keeping the area clean. This can be done by rinsing with salt water several times a day to prevent a crust from building up. Most importantly, watch for severe redness and swelling near your surface piercing; it can be a sign of infection.