How Tax Deductions Work
Want to learn about how tax deductions work? The first thing you may need to understand is what a deduction is. A deduction is a specific amount of money that you can recoup from any tax that you had to pay during the preceding year. So, tax deductions work by letting you get back some of your hard-earned money that was taken out for taxes.
Now that you understand what a deduction is, we can discuss the two types of tax deductions and how each of these tax deductions work.
Deductions taken from your paycheck as you earn your money
If you have a job, then you know that certain payroll deductions are taken from your paycheck. Among these are deductions for such things as Social Security, federal tax, state tax, and sometimes county or city occupational taxes. How much is taken depends on the number of dependants you claim on your employment tax deduction forms.
If you want to make these tax deductions work for you immediately, opt to have a lower amount of taxes cut from your paychecks and other income by claiming more dependents. The more dependents you claim on your employment tax deductions forms, the less money will come out of your income.
Of course, if you wish, you can let tax deductions work for you in another way by claiming as few dependents as possible. You will have more taxes taken out, but you may receive a larger refund at the end of the year, or you may not owe as much tax as you might otherwise have. When you periodically check to make sure that you are having enough withheld from your income, tax deductions work for you by providing the IRS with the most accurate information. In this way, you can be sure everyone is getting a fair share—you through your deductions, the IRS through your withholdings.
Deductions you take on your tax return while filing for the previous year
OK, now for deductions that you can take on your tax return, and how these tax deductions work for you. When you go to file your income tax return for the previous year at the beginning of each year, you are allowed to claim certain deductions. These include deductions for each person you list as a dependent on the tax form, as well as other things such as child care, out-of-pocket medical expenses, and many, many others.
You can make these tax deductions work for you by claiming as many of them as you legally can. Note the word “legally.” You can do this by obtaining a list of allowable deductions from any tax preparer or tax preparation office and keeping receipts and records showing that you can claim these deductions. Check with your employer where your employment tax deductions are concerned, and with a professional tax preparer or the IRS if you have any questions about income tax return deductions, so that you can let your tax deductions work for you.