Knowing how to tie climbing knots is an elementary and necessary climbing skill. Though there are literally dozens of useful knots for climbers, three get the most use: the figure eight knot, the water knot and harness tie.
Things you'll need:
How to tie a figure eight knot:
- Grip the rope in your fist and twist it 180 degrees to form a loop.
- Pass the free end of your rope through the loop.
- Pull to tighten until the knot is about the size of your hand. Lay it down flat. If it looks like a figure eight, you've done this right. If it looks like a pretzel, untie and start again.
- Pull both ends of the knot to tighten. Further tighten by pulling each of the ends individually.
How to tie a water knot:
- Loop two ropes around whatever point you want to anchor the knot around. They should lie parallel without tangling.
- Tie one rope into a standard square knot, keeping it loose but solid.
- Take the end of the other rope and follow the path of the first rope through the knot.
- Pull the ropes to tighten the knot.
- Pull each of the four rope ends individually to tighten further.
How to tie a harness tie:
- Tie a figure eight knot about three feet from one end of your rope.
- Pass the end of your rope nearest the knot through the belay loop in your climbing harness. This is much easier if you've already put your harness on.
- Follow the rope back through the figure eight, passing the end of the rope through each turn of the knot.
- Pull the knot tight. Further tighten by pulling each of the four rope lengths leading out of the knot individually.
- Tie the loose end of the rope to the rope with a square knot to prevent slipping out.