It may be impossible to prevent allergies, but this list will show you how to treat allergies. Allergy symptoms vary, depending on type. Some common types include hay fever, contact dermatitis, food allergies, drug allergies, and allergic reactions to insect stings. Allergies are miserable and tiring. They can aggravate your sinuses, nasal passages, airways, digestive system, and skin. If you are an allergy sufferer, here are nine things you can do to treat your allergies and relieve the symptoms.
Common Allergy Treatment Items
- Allergy medications (prescription or over-the-counter)
- Emergency epinephrine (prescribed by your doctor)
- Herbal supplements
- Neti pot or bulb syringe
- Saline solution
- Baking soda and water
- Aloe vera or calendula
- Dust mask
Common Allergy Treatment Methods
- Avoid known allergens. The first step to allergy treatment is avoiding known allergens. A doctor can help you identify the things that trigger your allergies, and he can show you how to avoid those triggers.
- Take allergy medications. Allergy medications can reduce your immune system’s reaction to allergens and ease some of the symptoms. Available over-the-counter or as prescription drugs, they include oral medicines, eyedrops, and nasal sprays. A doctor can recommend the best medication for your allergy type.
- Receive immunotherapy. If your allergies are severe, a doctor may recommend allergy shots, also called immunotherapy. This form of allergy treatment involves a series of injections, often taken over a period of years.
- Carry emergency epinephrine. A severe allergic reaction, or anaphylaxis, is a life-threatening emergency. A doctor may give you an emergency epinephrine shot, or EpiPen, to use in emergency situations. Epinephrine can help reduce severe allergy symptoms until you get emergency help.
- Consider alternative treatments. Some people use alternative therapies to treat their allergies. Common herbal supplements include butterbur, goldenseal, and belladonna. Other alternative therapies are probiotics, acupuncture, and hypnosis.
- Give nasal irrigation a try. Nasal irrigation is often used for sinus congestion and hay fever symptoms. The popular home remedy uses a “neti pot” or syringe and saline solution to flush out mucus and irritants from the nose and sinuses.
- Apply a natural paste. Apply a paste of baking soda and water to help with allergic reactions from insect bites and stings. Or use natural aloe vera or calendula. These home remedies often improve allergy symptoms.
- Avoid exposure to mold. Wear a dust mask whenever you work outdoors, and avoid outdoor work during damp weather. You can also alleviate mold allergy symptoms by closing your windows at night.
- Keep a clean house. Dust mites and pet dander can aggravate household allergy symptoms. If you have allergies, clean your home and vacuum the carpet on a regular basis. Or remove the carpet and install tile or hardwood floors. Frequently wash your bedding and linens in hot water. And maintain a low humidity in your home.