Knowing how to treat a concussion can save you or your loved ones from a good deal of pain and potentially serious complications. Though most concussions are considered minor injuries by the medical community, any injury to the head should be taken seriously. After all, there’s a lot of complicated stuff at work up there. By learning the symptoms from which to deduce that a concussion has occurred and the methods in dealing with them, you can eliminate the worry that comes with this relatively common injury. Here’s how.
- Know a concussion when you see one. As with any medical problem, the first step in treating a concussion is diagnosis. Those who’ve suffered one can display one or several of the following symptoms. The victim may lose consciousness during the impact, they may have a headache accompanied by sensitivity to light, they may have trouble seeing and balancing, and nausea or vomiting may occur.
- Psychological symptoms may also be evidence of a concussion. Someone who experiences this type of injury may display a marked change in mood or psychological state. They may show disinterest toward things they normally are inquisitive about, they may be unusually cranky in tandem with uncharacteristic tantrums, and they may experience extreme tiredness. If a person you suspect has been concussed is displaying any of these characteristics, then need for treatment is likely.
- Immediate treatment for a concussion lies in a few basic principles. First and foremost, you should make it a point to keep the concussed person’s head cool. Wrap it with a wet towel or place an insulated ice pack on their forehead. This will help to prevent the brain from swelling, and potentially keep brain damage from occurring if the concussion is severe. Second you should force the concussed person to lie down and rest while you call for medical assistance. It is important to note, though, that you should not let them sleep during this time. Keep the victim awake and at least semi-alert while you wait, as sleep directly after a concussion can lead to dangerous circumstances.
- As with anyone suffering a head injury, the victim of a concussion is best dealt with by medical professionals. It was mentioned in the previous paragraph that you should immediately call for medical assistance if you believe someone has been concussed. The fact is, even though heads are generally hard, the brain is an extremely sensitive organ. Ideally, a concussed person should be looked at by a doctor as soon as possible after the injury occurs.