Knowing how to treat HIV can have a significant impact on an infected person's quality of life and how long they live following diagnosis. There are a number of treatment options available to fight not only the disease but complications from it. The number one treatment for HIV is the use of anti-retroviral drugs. Your health care provider will help you to decide the best treatment course for you.
- Nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) was one of the first drugs used to treat HIV. Often used in combination with other drugs, NRTIs have few side effects and are considered to be some of the most effective drugs to treat HIV. NRTIs may also be used to treat hepatitis B.
- Fusion inhibitors are also prescribed to treat HIV. They are one of the first drugs used to treat resistant strains of HIV. Used in combination with other drugs, fusion inhibitors are given by injection.
- Although prescription drugs are considered first in treating HIV, complementary therapies are gaining more support in the medical community. Acupuncture has been shown to help alleviate some of the symptoms of HIV. Acupuncture also aids in reducing the side effects of other medications used to treat HIV.
- Herbal medicines may also be used to treat HIV. Herbal medicines such as St. John's wort may help to reduce symptoms of HIV. Herbal medicines are most commonly used to alleviate the side effects of HIV drugs.
There are many more ways to treat HIV that include the use of traditional and complementary therapies. You should never undertake a new therapy without first discussing it with your health care provider.