There are several options on how to treat a rectal ulcer. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the rectal ulcer and the ability of the patient to cope with a specific kind of treatment method. The patient undergoes a thorough examination and tests in order to determine the most appropriate way to treat a rectal ulcer with the least complications.
Things you'll need:
- Doctor's appointment
- Lifestyle and dietary changes
- Prior to treatment of a rectal ulcer, the person undergoes variety of tests. The most common tests are sigmoidoscopy, ultrasound and X-ray. Sigmoidoscopy is a procedure involving the insertion of a small tube into the rectum to allow the physician to examine the extent of the damage to the rectum. Ultrasound is the least invasive method to see the ulcers in the rectum through ultrasound imaging. Using the X-ray requires the insertion of barium paste which the patient will defecate and its remnants in the rectal area will be examined. This procedure allows the doctor to see the ulcer in the rectum and identify rectal muscle problems as well.
- The determination of the extent of the damage in the rectum allows the physician to diagnose the problem and give the appropriate treatment for the rectal ulcer. The kind of treatment available varies from behavioral to surgical management. Surgery is the choice for rectal ulcers resulting in rectal prolapse, while behavior modification is the treatment of choice for mild rectal ulcers.
- Behavioral treatment for rectal ulcer involves lifestyle changes. The aim of this form of rectal ulcer management is patient education that includes teaching bowel techniques that will help relax and avoid straining the rectal muscles during defecation. Biofeedback is a common form of this kind of management for rectal ulcers. Dietary education is also included in this form of treatment approach where foods rich in fiber are highly recommended. Fiber encourages soft stools and a smooth bowel movement.
- Surgical management is a choice for chronic rectal ulcers. This is essential in the presence of rectal prolapse. In order to remove a severely ulcerated rectum, colostomy is the surgical procedure of choice.
- You can improve the recovery of mild rectal ulcers through conservative management. Drinking plenty of water will help loosen stool. You can modify water by adding lemon juice. Or you can drink non-carbonated drinks and get more exercise.