It's a good idea to be aware of the top HPV causes, which can affect both males and females. The human papillomavirus is the main source of HPV and directly affects the skin or mucous membranes which are the inner, moist lining of body cavities such as the mouth, nose, stomach and lungs. HPV is transferred to one person from another by skin to skin contact–this includes sexual contact. Certain kinds of HPV are called high risk because they are accountable for causing cervical cancer. This is the reason that it is important to understand what the top HPV causes are.
- Sexual activity, including vaginal and anal intercourse. HPV is caused by a virus and is transmitted to another person through skin to skin contact or the exchange of bodily fluids.. It can be spread between same-sex partners as well as heterosexual partners.
- Oral sex. HPV can also be caused by oral sex since any skin to skin contact can transmit the virus. Again, since bodily fluids could be involved, there is a chance of being affected by HPV.
- Sex toys. Although the virus does not live long outside of the body, there is a chance that sex toys can transmit HPV. Bodily fluids attaching themselves to the sex toys could be spread to the other person by insertion of these toys.
- Condoms. Even though condoms can lower the chance of infection, it may not totally cover all the areas of skin infected by HPV. The condom only covers a portion of the penis. There is still part that can come in contact with bodily fluids from the other infected person.
- Exchange of salivary fluids by kissing. Another cause of HPV is kissing a person that has the HPV virus. When you kiss another person, bodily fluids might be shared, so you can still get infected.
- Exchange of salivary fluids by drinking out of a glass of a person who has the infection. Again, you can be infected by HPV by sharing liquids. If an infected person drinks water out of a glass, fluids are bound to get into the water and on the glass.
- Childbirth. Even though it is rare, it is feasible that a woman can transmit the human papillomavirus to her newborn infant if she is infected. During childbirth, the child travels through the birth canal and comes in direct contact with her infected or diseased tissues. Babies that are infected may develop warts in the genital area or even in the throat or upper respiratory area.
- Warts. Another HPV cause is warts. If you have a cut and the person you are with has warts, HPV can be spread from skin to skin contact.
Of course, the best thing to do is to prevent HPV in the first place. You can reduce your risk of acquiring HPV by having a mutually monogamous sexual relationship and/or reducing the number of sex partners you have. Additionally, a vaccine is available against the four common HPV strands that are related to the growth of genital warts and anogenital carcinomas. Gardasil has received FDA approval for use in females and males between the ages of nine and 26. This vaccine will give immunity against HPV types six, eleven, sixteen and eighteen. It is always best to consult your own physician with any medical questions or concerns.