Hyperkalemia treatment measures are both preventative and remedial. Hyperkalemia is the abnormal excess of potassium in the blood. Potassium is an essential mineral necessary for building muscles and catalyzes vital processes such as digestion and homeostasis. The surfeit of potassium is caused by the secretion of potassium from cells to the blood or the consumption of unusual quantities of potassium. The body's natural response to excess potassium is by excretion through the kidneys. As a result, hyperkalemia hints at a kidney dysfunction. Before trying to solve how to treat hyperkalemia, consult with a trusted physician.
- Undergo a kidney transplant. This step is a means of hyperkalemia treatment in which the healthy kidney would produce the hormones necessary to control the quantities of potassium in the bloodstream.
- Get an intake of the hormone aldosterone. Aldosterone is another hyperkalemia treatment method for it controls levels of sodium and potassium in the kidneys. The deficiency of this hormone would cause the body's potassium to soar and incur Addison's disease.
- Discontinue kidney medications. Abstaining or limiting kidney medication is a way to treat hyperkalemia because it helps stabilize potassium levels. Medications such as diuretics or potassium supplements only worsen hyperkalemia and interfere with the mineral's balance in the body. First consult a physician before stopping kidney medication.
- Take cation exchange resins. Ion exchange resins is way of treating hyperkalemia because this substance removes surplus potassium through the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, ion exchange resins are more frequently used for purifying water but is also recommended for cleansing the kidneys.
- Utilize a dialysis machine. The dialysis machine is a curative measure for hyperkalemia sufferers since it lowers the body's potassium levels and performs the functions of the kidneys in the case of renal failure.
- Medicate yourself using diuretic medications or water pills. Diuretics and water pills treat hyperkalemia by also decreasing the body's potassium.
- Boost mineral content in the body by injections or supplements. An intake of minerals intravenously is a hyperkalemia treatment. Calcim fed to the patient intravenously eases the discomfort experienced by the disease hyperkalemia. Also, intravenous glucose and insulin play a role in temporarily reversing the symptoms of hyperkalemia. Sodium bicarbonate is an agent for change and gets rid of acidosis which is a side-effect of hyperkalemia.
- Keep track of potassium consumption. Limiting the foods high in potassium and staying away from some potassium-filled foods are alternatives to treating hyperkalemia.
- Implement preventative measures. Prevention is better than cure; therefore, to prevent hyperkalemia ensure that consumers absorb sufficient amounts of high potassium foods without overdoing it. Examples of high potassium foods are meats, bananas, milk, beans, potatoes, tomatoes, squash, prunes, milk, oranges, honeydew, cantaloupe, avocado and apricots just to name a few.