Hyponatremia, the metabolic disorder defined by the lack of sodium in the body fluids around the cells, can be detected using a number of hyponatremia symptoms. Hyponatremia symptoms are caused by one of three imbalances of water to salt in the fluids of the body: body water increases without the salt also increasing, both increase but the water volume increase is greater, or both are lost from the body, with sodium loss being greater. Here are some of the most common hyponatremia symptoms.
- Abnormal mental status. This category of hyponatremia symptoms includes temporary problems as minor as simple confusion or decreased consciousness, but also hyponatremia symptoms as severe as hallucinations and falling into a coma. The lack of salt in the body as a result of shock from burns or other trauma often results in these more severe hyponatremia symptoms.
- Muscle spasms, cramps, and convulsions. These hyponatremia symptoms, like the above, can range from fairly mundane to incredibly severe. They are also hyponatremia symptoms that can result in other diagnoses, so if these are present it is important to consult a physician to understand the root cause.
- Fatigue. This is probably the most common of all the hyponatremia symptoms, and as with the earlier spasms, cramps and convulsions can result in a number of diagnoses. Understanding whether or not fatigue, spasms, cramps, convulsions, or other common symptoms such as vomiting and muscle weakness are indeed hyponatremia symptoms should be left up to a physician; there is no room here for self-diagnosis.
These hyponatremia symptoms can be treated in a number of ways, including fluid through IV, water restriction, or the use of medication to treat the symptoms rather than the cause.