How much do you know about mononucleosis treatments? Mononucleosis, commonly referred to as "mono," is an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and spread through saliva. Because there is no cure for mononucleosis, treatments focus on managing symptoms. These symptoms can include fever, exhaustion, loss of appetite, body aches, sore throat and night sweats. If you think you have mono, your doctor will diagnose the infection with a blood test. Most people recover from mononucleosis within two to four weeks, though the infection can sometimes last longer. Common mononucleosis treatments include:
- Getting plenty of rest is an important part of mononucleosis treatment. Sleep helps your body fight the infection. Stay home from work and school, and avoid strenuous activity.
- Drink plenty of fluids. This helps avoid dehydration that may be caused by mononucleosis. Water is a good choice; avoid soda and caffeinated beverages.
- Though mononucleosis can cause a loss of appetite, getting the right nutrients is an important part of treating the infection. Try to eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables. Soups and fruit smoothies are a good choice if eating solid foods irritates your throat.
- Sometimes, mono can cause a sore throat. If you have this symptom, you can treat it with over-the-counter throat lozenges. Gargling with salt water may also help.
- Treatment for mononucleosis can involve an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. This can help with the aches and pains caused by mono. Ask your doctor's advice before using this type of medication.
Even after your mononucleosis has gone away, you still may need to avoid sports and other strenuous exercise for several weeks. Follow your doctor's mononucleosis treatment advice.