Osteomyelitis symptoms can vary with each patient and at certain stages of treatment. Osteomyelitis is an acute or chronic bone infection. The infection could be a type of fungi or bacteria that was acquired during bone surgery where rods or plates are placed within the bone structure. Osteomyelitis can also spread from a blood, skin or muscle infection and eventually rest in the bones of a foot, vertebrae or pelvis.
- Chills are a less common bone infection symptom. Fever and chills are commonly experienced with most infections.
- Fever is one of the main osteomyelitis symptoms. A fever goes hand-in-hand with a bacterial infection which is the most common reason for this bone disease.
- Bone pain or a tenderness that is persistent and increases with pressure in the localized area is an important symptom to be aware of. It can sometimes be difficult to determine the difference between bone, muscle or tendon pain. This type of pain should be taken seriously and examined by a medical professional.
- Swelling and redness adjacent to the bone infection is one of the common ways the physician diagnoses osteomyelitis. A full review of your medical history and surgeries are helpful to determine the degree or stage of this potentially crippling disease.
- Low back pain can occur from a change in walking gait to avoid pressure on the infected bone. If the spinal column or vertebrae is involved it could be a significant and excruciating pain.
- Uneasiness and malaise can be found in diabetic patients that have a bone infection. Patients with uncontrolled high blood sugar are at a much greater risk for bone injuries, infections and ultimately one or more limb amputations.
- Swelling of the lower limbs. The feet, ankles and calf area may have a build-up of fluids and begin to puff up. This type of edema associated with osteomyelitis can occur acutely.
- Excessive sweating affects certain patients. Sweating is an important bodily function to keep the body cool. Perspiration from various areas is the release of salty liquids from the sweat glands. This osteomyelitis symptom is usually combined with other more common side-effects.
- Pus drainage of the skin atop the affected bone area is less of a known symptom. In serious bone infections this can be an unsightly and persistent residual side-effect.
- Muscle spasms may suddenly occur as a prolonged muscle contraction. These spasms are uncontrollable and can be rather painful. They usually hover around the infected area.