Qucik Intro: Hockey Rules
Looking for a quick introduction to hockey rules? Ice hockey consists of three twenty minute periods, with a ten minute intermission in between each period. Each team can have six players on the ice. The six hockey players consist of one left winger, one right winger, one center, two defensemen, and one goalie. Hockey is played on a rink that is 200 feet long by 85 feet wide. The hockey goalie net is six feet wide by four feet high. The hockey puck is three inches in diameter and one inch thick. The puck is composed of vulcanized rubber and is usually frozen before the start of a hockey game.
A hockey game begins when the linesman, one of the referees, drops the puck in the center of a designated face-off area. Two players of opposing teams will face each other when the puck is dropped, in hopes of gaining control of the puck. There are five designated face-off areas on the hockey ice. Face-offs also occur whenever a game needs to be restarted.
Like any other sport, hockey has fouls, also known as violations. There are three main types of violations. Some violations will result in a face-off. Other violations may result in a player being sent to the penalty box for a predetermined period of time. There are also violations that result in a player being given a penalty shot. Violations that result in a face-off are offsides, offside passes, and icing.
Offside occurs when a player tries to bring the puck across the blue line when a teammate is already within the blue line. Offside passes occur when a player who is in the defensive zone tries to pass the puck to a teammate who is beyond the center red line. Icing occurs when the puck is shot from behind the center red line to the opponent's goalie net.
In hockey, penalty shots are typically awarded due to two types of fouls. If a player is about to shoot the puck and is fouled from behind, a penalty shot will be issued. Penalty shots may also be issued if a player of the opposing team grabs or falls on a puck that has been placed in the goalie crease by a player from the other team.
There are many types of penalties that result in a player being sent to the penalty box. The main types of penalties are minor and major penalties. A minor penalty is when a player is sent to the penalty box for two minutes. If the opposing team scores while that hockey player is in the penalty box, the player is allowed to come back into the game immediately. With a major penalty, the hockey player is sent to the penalty box for five minutes. The player must serve the entire five minute penalty, even if the opposing team scores.