The many types of sexually transmitted diseases are rarely discussed in an informative manner and are often misunderstood. Everyone’s heard myths about them, and often end up confusing the signs and effects of one for another. In protecting yourself from sexually transmitted diseases, knowledge is definitely power. The more you understand about them, the better defended you will be. For a point to start from, see the list of common types of sexually transmitted diseases below.
- Bacterial STD’s. The good thing about the bacterial type of sexually transmitted diseases is that most of them are curable. Some, however, can have pretty nasty symptoms. Included in this category are diseases such as bacterial vaginosis, which is an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina that can lead to complications during pregnancy and usually has no symptoms. Chlamydia, the single most reported STD in the U.S., is also bacterial and has few symptoms. Gonorrhea, meanwhile, usually involves symptoms including a burning sensation during urination, and pain in the testicles. Syphilis, perhaps the most well known bacterial sexually transmitted disease, attacks the nervous system and can eventually lead to dementia and even death. Though curable, bacterial STD’s can become very hazardous if left untreated. The best plan of attack is to see a doctor if you suspect any symptoms are present in your own body.
- Viral STD’s. Most viral types of sexually transmitted diseases cannot be completely cured. They can, however, be managed. Some can even be prevented with the use of a vaccine. Diseases falling within this classification include Genital Herpes, which typically involves periodic “outbreaks” of blisters in the genital area. Antiviral medications can’t cure it, but can reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks. Human Papillomavirus, known as HPV, is a deviously silent sexually transmitted disease. Women who have it experience few symptoms, but have an increased risk of Cervical Cancer. Fortunately, HPV is preventable with a vaccine. The other serious viral STD preventable with a vaccine is Hepatitis B, which hones in on the liver and has no symptoms in the beginning. The final and most deadly sexually transmitted virus is HIV. It is spread through the exchange of body fluid, and develops into AIDS if left untreated. Fortunately, there are medications that can help manage HIV. They help to both lengthen and improve the lives of HIV’s victims.
- Parasitic STD’s. Like the bacterial types of sexually transmitted diseases, parasitic diseases are usually curable. The most common of these is Pubic Lice, often called “Crabs” for short. They are easily spreadable mites that burrow in the outer layers of genital skin and reproduce rapidly. Over the counter treatments are available, but they often must be performed several times to completely get rid of the mites. The other common parasitic sexually transmitted disease is called Trichomoniasis. A single celled organism, it makes its home inside the