According to the Office of Rare Diseases Research, a division of the National Institutes of Health, Wallenberg Syndrome is a rare neurological condition. Wallenberg Syndrome is also referred to as lateral medullary syndrome. It results from a stroke in the brain stem, and it affects various parts of the nervous system.
Symptoms Of Wallenberg Syndrome
Some patients with Wallenberg Syndrome experience a lack of pain and temperature sensation on one side of their face. Or they may have numbness on one side of the face and weak limbs on the opposite side of the body.
Other people may have uncontrollable hiccups, or they may lose their sense of taste. But the most common symptoms of Wallenberg Syndrome include difficulty swallowing, hoarse throat, slurred speech, facial pain, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, rapid and involuntary eye movements, and problems with balance, coordination, and gait.
Treatment For Wallenberg Syndrome
Treatment for Wallenberg Syndrome depends on the symptoms. Medication can help alleviate the pain. Anti-epileptic drugs are sometimes effective for chronic pain relief. If swallowing becomes too difficult, a feeding tube may be necessary. Speech or swallowing therapy can be beneficial treatments, too.
Long-term treatment for the disorder may involve blood thinners or an aspirin regimen. To minimize the risk of another stroke, many patients remain on this treatment for life.
The outlook depends on the size and location of the brain stem damage. Some patients see their symptoms disappear within weeks or months. Others may have severe neurological disabilities for years after diagnosis and treatment.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Strokes is currently researching better ways to prevent, manage, and cure Wallenberg Syndrome and similar disorders.