"What is a golf course's bogey rating?" is a common question by many golfers. In this question the bogey rating of a course is linked to a bogey golfer. These questions will certainly require further clarifications in order to understand these overlapping terms.
Quite simply the bogey rating of a golf course is related to the difficulty of a course under normal conditions, relative to the course and weather. It is specifically designed towards "bogey golfers," which we will define. However it is expressly aimed towards bogey golfers. The USGA expresses the bogey rating of a golf course in number of strokes to one decimal place (92.1). The USGA figures these ratings based on what the average bogey golfer is able to do in terms of strokes, given the course's obstacles and overall difficulty
The USGA precisely defines a bogey golfer according to the handicap rating of a golfer. At any rate a bogey golfer is simply a defined handicap golfer within these parameters. As John Yow relates, bogey golfers often have difficulty with the middle game. Driving and putting is normally not a huge problem for the average bogey golfer. The second shot is often a difficult part for the bogey golfer, which is a certain type of handicapped golfer.
The bogey rating of a golf course is defined in order to assess the difficulty of the course for the typical bogey golfer. Thus, it can be seen how the bogey rating can be useful for this type of golfer. You can determine the bogey rating of a golf course by consulting the USGA database. There you can find course ratings, bogey ratings, and slope databases for golf courses around the country. The USGA is also a great source to look at how these handicaps are calculated and defined, such as the actual parameters of the bogey golfer.
Reference: John Yow, "Golfers"