What Is Urethral Stricture Disease?
If you have been diagnosed with an urethral stricture, you are probably curious to know what is urethral stricture disease? A urethral stricture occurs when the flow of urine from the bladder through the urethra becomes obstructed. The obstruction can occur for a number of reasons, and although it can occur in anyone, men are more likely to have urethral stricture disease than women. Urethral stricture disease often occurs from trauma, sexually transmitted diseases, and cancer.
Symptoms of urethral stricture disease in men include an inability to fully empty the bladder due to a weak urine stream or straining to urinate. It is common for the urine stream to spray or dribble. It is also common to experience urinary tract infections and occasionally blood in the urine. In some cases when an injury was involved, there can be pain during urination.
To properly diagnose urinary stricture disease a complete evaluation is needed, including patient history and a physical examination. Often, tests are conducted to diagnose the condition. Laboratory tests include an urinalysis, urine culture, peak flow urine study, and an ultrasound of the bladder.
If urethral stricture disease is left untreated, complications can occur. Complications of the disease include the inability to urinate, urinary tract infections, and bleeding. Other complications seen in men include difficulty ejaculating, bladder stones, and urethrocutaneous fistula.
There is no cure for urethral stricture disease. Treatment for this disease includes antibiotics and self care. In some cases, a minimally invasive procedure may be conducted to reduce the urine blockage. In severe cases, surgical reconstruction may be needed.